Posted on Mar 30, 2020

Dr Rahul Kansal Neuro-psychiatrist Sexologist & Deaddiction Specialist (AIIMS New Delhi;UCLA USA)


Depression : Let's Talk

Depression is a very common form of mental illness that affects people. Women are twice as likely as men to suffer from Depression. It can affect children too. WHO statistics reveal that 34% of the Indian Population suffers from major depression sometime in their lifetime which is highest in the world among developing countries.

Depression is a silent problem, and it is not mere sad mood. Depression as a medical disorder occurs due to specific changes in our brain's neurochemistry which causes a decrease in monoamine neuro-transmitters (Serotonin, Nor-epinephrine, Dopamine). There are many changes in other neuro-transmitter systems too.

Neuro-transmitters are chemicals which neurons release in order to communicate with each other. A proper action of these is required for normal brain functioning.

Common Symptoms:

1) Depressed Mood
2) Lack of energy
3) Lack of appetite or excess appetite
4) Lack of Concentration
5) Memory problems/ academic difficulty
6) Mood swings
7) anger, irritability, impulsivity.
8) Lack of pleasure in things that were once pleasurable.
9) Lack of sleep, excess sleep
10) Dreamy and nonrefreshing sleep
11) Weight loss or weight gain
12) Lack of motivation
13) Recurrent guilt feelings and guilt laiden ideas about self
14) Helplessness and social withdrawal
15) Worthlessness and lowered self esteem.
16) Hopelessness for the future.
17) Suicidal ideas.
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